Debate “Assassinato da Juventude Brasileira”

Convite da AAENFF para o Debate “Assassinato da Juventude Brasileira”

Você sabia que, segundo o Mapa da Violência 2016, de 1980 a 2014 o assassinato da juventude, somente por arma de fogo, subiu 699,5%?

A Associação dos Amigos da Escola Nacional Florestan Fernandes (AAENFF) e a Editora Expressão Popular (EEP) convidam nossos amigos e amigas a participarem do debate “Assassinato da Juventude Brasileira”
com Paulo Lins (autor do livro Cidade de Deus) e Haydee Paixão (Movimento Kilombagem).

Data – 3 de dezembro, sábado, às 10h
Local – Livraria da Editora Expressão Popular- Rua Abolição, 201, Bela Vista , São Paulo, SP.
Inscrições – Envie nome completo, RG e email para visitaenff@amigosenff.org.br

Abraços fraternos,
Associação dos Amigos da Escola Nacional Florestan Fernandes.

 

Lutar não é crime

Lutar não é crime

NO PASARAN, COMANDANTE FIDEL!

http://www.greanvillepost.com/2016/11/27/andre-vltcheck-no-pasaran-comandante-fidel/

Many years ago, Fidel declared: “Men do not shape destiny. Destiny produces the man for the hour.” It did; destiny shaped them all, los Barbudos, and threw them right into the center of the whirlpool of world history. As they fought for the freedom of Cuba, of Latin America and the entire oppressed world, they actually managed to defy their own words: in the end they irreversibly shaped the fate of our Planet, of the entire humanity.

Playa Giron: Cuban reactionaries captured by the revolutionaries.
Playa Giron: CIA’s army, Cuban “gusanos” captured by the revolutionaries.

¡Fidel Castro presente!

FightBackNewsLogo
A life dedicated to revolution, proletarian internationalism and Marxism-Leninism


By Freedom Road Socialist Organization

On Nov. 25, 2016 workers and oppressed peoples of the entire world lost a giant with the passing of Fidel Castro Ruz. Fidel lived a life worth honoring, studying and emulating. He was a key leader in the 1959 Cuban revolution, in building socialism in Cuba for more than five decades to the present day, and in exemplary acts of international solidarity.

Freedom Road Socialist Organization (FRSO) extends our condolences to the family, friends and comrades of Fidel Castro, and to the Cuban people as a whole for this tremendous loss.

Fidel Castro was a revolutionary who fought against seemingly impossible odds and won. He led a guerrilla movement against the vicious U.S.-backed Batista regime which governed Cuba in the interests of U.S. imperialism while Cuban workers and peasants suffered harshly. Despite experiencing defeats in its early days, the revolutionary movement learned lessons, rebounded and won national liberation. Fidel played a key role in leading the revolutionary movement to victory.

The 1959 revolutionary victory in Cuba inspired people throughout the Americas and the world to fight for liberation in their own countries. The Cuban revolution created the conditions for incredible gains for the Cuban people, despite it being a poor country. The revolution swiftly solved problems that capitalism can’t solve. Illiteracy and starvation were wiped out in Cuba and the best education and health care systems in the Americas were created. This continues to this day in socialist Cuba and stands in stark contrast to Cuba’s neighboring countries which are dominated by imperialism.

The Cuban revolution, under the guidance of Fidel Castro and his comrades, also unleashed a boundless internationalism and sacrifice in support of revolutionary movements and attending to human needs throughout Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East. The exemplary internationalism displayed by Cuba over decades – providing whatever they could and asking nothing in return – leads to the enthusiastic embrace of socialist Cuba and its leaders such as Fidel Castro and Che Guevara throughout the world.

U.S. imperialism had no intention to stand by idly and let a revolution survive on the small island nation which the U.S. had held as a colony just 90 miles off its coast. Barely in its infancy, the Cuban revolution faced invasion from U.S. imperialism at the Bay of Pigs in 1961. Under Fidel’s leadership, the U.S.-led military invasion was repelled. The U.S. government lashed out, imposing a barbaric economic embargo which continues to this day. U.S. imperialism has engaged in countless acts of sabotage against the Cuban revolution and hundreds of assassination attempts against Fidel Castro personally. But they failed to stop the revolution.

They failed because of the collective leadership of the Communist Party of Cuba, of which Fidel was a key leader. Fidel Castro became a communist and adopted the ideology of Marxism-Leninism through learning from experience in making revolution. As the Cuban revolution confronted concrete problems about how to move forward, Fidel saw that only socialism could solve the problems of the Cuban people, and that Marxism-Leninism provided the theory and practice that could guide the revolutionary process forward. Once he adopted Marxism-Leninism, Fidel never wavered.

The Cuban revolution faced its most trying period in the 1990s when it was left politically and economically isolated. Fidel Castro led the way in Cuba’s difficult decision to hold firm to Marxism-Leninism, anti-imperialism and proletarian internationalism despite the incredible difficulties they knew they would face. They confronted those difficulties and overcame them when very few thought it would be possible. At that time Cuba was isolated on the world stage and in the Americas. The U.S. government tightened the noose by making its blockade more severe, hoping to end the Cuban revolution once and for all. But through staying true to principle and continuing to struggle ahead with dignity, Cuba was able to turn isolation into its opposite.

By 2014 it was U.S. imperialism that was isolated in the Americas while Cuba had many friends, and in the U.N. General Assembly nearly the entire world had voted repeatedly for the U.S. to end the unjust blockade of Cuba. In the face of this isolation, the U.S. finally admitted its decades-long efforts to defeat the Cuban revolution had failed, and took initial steps to normalize relations with socialist Cuba. But the unjust U.S. blockade remains in place and the struggle continues to end it.

As the leader of the Chinese revolution Mao Zedong said, “All people must die, but death can vary in its significance…it may be weightier than Mount Tai or lighter than a feather. To die for the people is weightier than Mount Tai, but to work for the fascists and die for the exploiters and oppressors is lighter than a feather.”

It is clear that comrade Fidel Castro’s death is weightier than Mount Tai. He lived and died for the Cuban people and for the working class and oppressed peoples around the world. He was a revolutionary, a communist, a Marxist-Leninist.

Because of the example of Fidel Castro and the Cuban revolution, we know another world – a socialist world – is possible. Fidel’s example inspires us to continue to support the socialist revolution in Cuba, and carry forward the struggle against imperialism and for socialism in our country.

Eta, STF, está dormindo ou participando?

STF: Afastamento Imediato de Geddel  – No Japão, os homens públicos, quando pegados a descoberto em ilícitos se suicidam, vamos ver um suicídio coletivo no STF?

Mais um escândalo inacreditável da era Temer!   Claro que tipos como Tremer, o Traira, que é apenas um braço imundo da FIESP (a serviço do Departamento de Estado e dos interesses das capital internacional que a comanda), nunca que vai acompanhar a ética japonesa se suicidando.

Tendo em vista os trechos vazados do depoimento do ex‐ministro da Cultura, Marcelo Calero, há claros indícios de que Geddel Vieira Lima (Secretaria‐Geral da Presidência, braço direito do Presidente) e o próprio Michel Temer cometeram crime de concussão, trazido pelo Código Penal em seu art. 316;

Concussão

Art. 316 ‐ Exigir, para si ou para outrem, direta ou indiretamente, ainda que fora da função ou antes de assumi‐la, mas em razão dela, vantagem indevida;
Pena ‐ reclusão, de dois a oito anos, e multa.

É importante que a sociedade civil, principalmente as pessoas que estão ou estavam envolvidas no combate à corrupção, entenda que a conduta de pressionar qualquer funcionário ou agente público para obter vantagem pessoal também é um grave crime contra a Administração Pública.

Geddel solicitou que Calero interviesse junto ao IPHAN (Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional), ligado ao Ministério da Cultura, para liberação de obra embargada pelo órgão, para construção de prédio particular em que Geddel já é detentor de um apartamento.

Calero afirma ainda que o próprio Michel Temer solicitou uma reunião para discutir o tema e disse que “a política tem dessas coisas, esse tipo de pressão”.

Michel Temer e seus ministros estão acostumados “com essas coisas, esse tipo de pressão”, com esse tipo de jogo sujo, mas nós estamos cansados; Esse governo ilegítimo não representa qualquer mudança, ele é a própria cara da velha política corrupta, desonesta e perversa que está de costas para o povo brasileiro.

Chega!; Não podemos aceitar que Geddel continue como Secretário‐Geral da República até que a situação seja esclarecida.

Mais um ministro de Temer vai cair e, em breve, ele próprio.

Pelo afastamento de Geddel e pelo impeachment de Temer.

#FORATEMER

A arte contra o golpe

 

Temos que falar sobre o Yemen

We need to talk about Yemen.

Airstrikes on civilian neighbourhoods are becoming more frequent, and the death toll is rising. Just last month, over 100 people were killed attending a community funeral.

ele estava apenas brincando do lado de fora quando veio uma bomba e o deixou com um estillhaço enfiado no pescoço.

ele estava apenas brincando do lado de fora quando veio uma bomba e o deixou com um estillhaço enfiado no pescoço.

Ele estava apenas brincando do lado de fora quando veio uma bomba e o deixou com um estillhaço enfiado no pescoço.  Claro é uma bomba que foi vendida, comercializada e é produto de ganhos de gangs que produzem armas, outras gangs as vendem, e muitas destas gangs são governos de países que se dizem decentes como Inglaterra, Estados Unidos da America do Norte, Russia, Suécia e mesmo Brasil.

Guerra é um negócio tão sujo quanto a produção e venda de narcóticos.

Devastation, fear and suffering is part of everyday life here. There is nowhere children can feel safe. They make up a third of the people killed since the conflict between the Huthi armed group and allied forces and the Saudi Arabia-led coalition began, over 19 months ago.

Many people are seriously injured going about their daily lives. Many more are killed while asleep in their beds. Some are killed simply walking down the street.

The conflict in Yemen has been coined ‘The Forgotten War’ by international media. In contrast to Syria, this is a crisis that’s talked about significantly less. But we must not forget. We cannot ignore.

https://www.amnesty.org.au/yemen-crisis-l/

Um movimento se esboça nos EUA frente às palavras de Trump – poderia se transformar num movimento antinuclear como houve com Reagan

Frank von Hippel

,

Program on Science and Global Security

,

Princeton University
14 November 2016

A potential positive result from the election of Donald Trump as our next president could be that it will provoke a long overdue public debate over US nuclear weapons policy. Such a debate could educate Congress and force much needed steps toward reducing the dangers from the Doomsday Machine that the United States and Russia built and then walked away from after some downsizing at the end of the Cold War.

There is widespread concern that President-elect Trump may not be a thoughtful, cautious custodian of the US nuclear “button.” This concern highlights the absurdity of giving one person the authority to order the launch US nuclear weapons, an action that could well result in the end of our civilization. The rationale is that, given that the warning time for an incoming nuclear attack could be only a matter of minutes, there would be no time for democratic consultation. If a country has a survivable second strike force, as the United States does, however, that argument should not be the last word.

We have been extraordinarily lucky to get this far without a nuclear Armageddon. We cannot depend on such luck continuing. The only complete solution is to get rid of nuclear weapons. President Obama embraced that goal in his Prague speech of 2009, but there was little follow-up because of a lack of public engagement. As far as the general public is concerned, the threat of nuclear annihilation receded with the end of the Cold War. There is much more concern about the possibility of nuclear terrorism and President Obama initiated a series of Nuclear Security Summits focused on that issue.

Lacking public pressure for nuclear reductions and adamant Republican support for strategic ballistic missile defense, which poisoned Russian interest in further nuclear reductions, President Obama ended up achieving only minor reductions in New START and had to pay a very high price to get it ratified. In exchange for the votes of some Republican senators, President Obama agreed to a plan to spend hundreds of billions of dollars over the next decades to replace every nuclear weapon delivery system in the US strategic nuclear arsenal and modernize the nuclear warheads carried by these delivery systems. Earlier this year, Obama failed even to carry his own officials when he proposed adopting a no nuclear first use policy. His Secretaries of Defense, State and Energy reportedly all objected, and he dropped the idea.

It would have been much easier to make progress toward nuclear disarmament during Obama’s presidency had there been a mass movement pressing for it. In 1980-83, the “Nuclear Weapons Freeze” movement sprang up to oppose the Reagan administration’s program to deploy thousands of warheads accurate enough to destroy Soviet intercontinental ballistic missiles in their silos. The pressure became so intense that President Reagan switched to advocating nuclear abolition and ballistic missile defense and agreed to include in his joint summit statements with General Secretary Gorbachev the sentence, “Nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought.”

The Nuclear Weapons Freeze movement arose because of frightening statements from Reagan administration officials about the possibility of fighting a nuclear war. President-elect Trump has insisted on not ruling out using nuclear weapons first against ISIS because “I frankly don’t want the enemy to know how I’m thinking.” This indicates that he does not understand the taboo that has built up around nuclear weapons use in the seven decades since Nagasaki.

Could the general citizen uprising that has already begun because of fears of Trump administration actions against minorities and environmental regulations result in a new flow of youthful energy into the nuclear disarmament movement? That is what happened in the late 1960s when anti-Vietnam War activism bled over into other areas, such as environmentalism and opposition to the deployment of nuclear-armed ballistic-missile interceptors around U.S. cities.

Along with supporting a global treaty to ban nuclear weapons that the United Nations will begin negotiating in 2017, interim goals for a new movement could include a no-first-use policy, taking intercontinental ballistic missiles off launch-on-warning alert, eliminating the long-range, nuclear-armed cruise missiles that provoke fears of first strikes in China and scrapping the ineffectual national ballistic missile defense that has made it impossible to negotiate further reductions with Russia.

If a new generation of nuclear disarmament activists emerge, I am sure that the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists will provide them a forum to promote and refine their ideas, as it has done for generations of us going back 70 years to the original atomic scientists.

O inverno nuclear como consequência dum ataque nuclear sem retaliação

Alan Robock

,

Department of Environmental Sciences

,

Rutgers University
11 November 2016

Dear President-elect Trump,

 

Se uma das “potências nucleares” atacar a outra, mesmo com a hipótese de não haver resposta, até mesmo por um ataque de extrema potência, o lixo produzido com detritos e pó, consequência da simples explosão, produziria uma noite de pelo menos alguns anos sobre grande parte da Terra, o inverno nuclear! Morreriamos todos de fome!

You will soon have control of the US nuclear arsenal. If it is ever used, it could kill almost every American, as well as the rest of humanity, because of the impacts of the smoke from fires that would be ignited, which would cool Earth’s surface and kill virtually all crops in the ensuing nuclear winter. You now have the opportunity to prevent this from ever happening, by quickly reducing our nuclear arsenal, saving us hundreds of billions of dollars in the process. Doing so will win you a Nobel Peace Prize. Here are the facts:

  • There are 15,350 nuclear weapons on the planet, with Russia (7,300) and the United States (7000) accounting for almost all of them. The other seven nuclear nations are France (300), China (260), UK (215), Pakistan (130), India (120), Israel (80), and North Korea (10). New START, signed by presidents Barack Obama and Dmitry Medvedev in 2010, requires each side by next year to reduce deployed warheads to a maximum of about 2,000 each, but the treaty does not limit the much larger number of weapons that are in storage or reserve. The United States has embarked on a modernization program for our nuclear arsenal that will cost about $1,000,000,000,000 ($1 trillion) over the next 30 years. What a waste of money for weapons we can never use. Please cancel this modernization program, and consider all the other things we could do with this money.
  • In the 1980s, American and Russian scientists, working together, discovered that smoke from fires ignited by nuclear explosions would be so dense that it would block out the sun, turning Earth cold, dark, and dry, killing plants, and preventing agriculture for at least a year. In the last decade, working with some of the same scientists, particularly Richard Turco, Brian Toon, and Georgiy Stenchikov, and using modern climate models and computers, I found that this nuclear winter theory was correct, that the effects would persist for more than a decade, and that the New START-reduced nuclear arsenals will still be able to produce this nuclear winter. It is an unfortunate fact that cities burn. San Francisco burned for three days and nights after the earthquake in 1906. Tokyo, Hamburg, Dresden, Darmstadt, and multiple Japanese cities burned after bombing in World War II. Some modern buildings burn even more easily, as can be seen in the skyscraper fires started with discarded cigarettes in Dubai. Modern megacities would produce a lot more smoke than the assumptions made in previous studies. We also found that if either the United States or Russia attacked the other with their current arsenal, it would produce so much climate change that it would kill everyone in the country that did the attacking, even if there was no retaliation. This mean we live in a world of Self-Assured Destruction (SAD) in addition to Mutual Assured Destruction (MAD). Thus any nation threatening a first strike attack would be acting as a suicide bomber. In addition, we found that a very small nuclear war between any two nuclear nations, using only 100 or so small, Hiroshima-size atomic bombs, with a total explosive power of much less than one percent of the current global arsenal, could produce enough smoke to cause climate change unprecedented in recorded human history. It would not be full nuclear winter, but it could sentence 1 to 2 billion people to death by starvation. To prevent the possibility of a nuclear winter, the United States and Russia need to immediately reduce their arsenals to the same levels as all the other nuclear states, a couple hundred. After all, how many do you need to use as a deterrent? A couple? To prevent the nuclear famine that would result from even a very small number of weapons targeted on cities and industrial areas, arsenals need drastic reductions.
  • Partially as a result of the growing awareness of the global impacts on climate and food that would result from a nuclear war, three international conferences on the humanitarian impacts of nuclear war were held: in Norway in March 2013; in Mexico in February 2014, and in Austria in December, 2014. This worldwide movement resulted in the Open-Ended Working Group meetings of the United Nations in 2016, culminating in a UN resolution to have negotiations in 2017 toward a worldwide ban on nuclear weapons; the resolution was supported by 123 nations. The United States voted against this resolution, but now is your chance to change US policy and support this ban on nuclear weapons next year. The world has banned chemical weapons, biological weapons, cluster munitions, and land mines, but not the worst weapons of mass destruction of all, nuclear weapons. As discussed above, they cannot be used in any rational way. Nuclear weapons cannot be used to fight terrorism or cyber threats. However, there have been many instances when nuclear weapons were almost used by accident or confusion. One can also imagine hackers getting access. Now is your chance to make the world much safer by ridding it of this threat.
  • Proliferation of nuclear weapons has already produced nine nuclear states. As we all know, Iran was on track to become the tenth, but was stopped by an international agreement, done in collaboration with Russia, China, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and the European Union. This has made the world much safer and sends a message about the international community’s wilingness to stop other nations from obtaining nuclear weapons. You have an obligation to reiterate US support for this agreement. Any attempts to dismantle it will result in Iran getting nuclear weapons sooner and embolden other countries wishing to move in the same direction.

There are several first steps you can take to make the world safer.

You can change our nuclear policy to one of no first use of nuclear weapons. There are no circumstances in which we should use nuclear weapons to attack anyone. We can defend the Unnited States with our modern, precision-guided weapons, which do not require wholesale slaughter of innocent civilians.

You can take US land-based missiles off of hair-trigger alert. Any use of nuclear weapons requires deliberate thought, not immediate reaction during a time of panic and possible misinformation. What a message of peace taking US missiles off high-alert status will be to the world.

You can stand down our land-based missiles and begin to dismantle them as part of a rapid reduction of our nuclear arsenal. No treaty with Russia is needed, and President George H. W. Bush set a precedent for this by reducing our nuclear arsenal as the Soviet Union was coming apart. This unilateral action will have the two-fold effect of making accidental nuclear war much less likely and setting the world on a path to reducing the threat of global nuclear war and nuclear winter.

Your presidency is an unprecedented opportunity for positive change in the world. Reducing the threat of nuclear war and nuclear winter will make the United States safer and richer, and cement your status as a world leader. Please take advantage of this chance to be a real winner.